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this from somebody who was there, and --
Q. Did you then ask him about the details of what took
A. Yes. We asked him that we really didn't need to know
all the details, but we needed to know how our mother died.
Q. You recall what he told you about that?
A. Yes, I do. He had told me that he had gotten a phone
call and that he was instructed to go with Theda and John Boy
to Denver to pick up my mother at Troy Lynn's house.
Q. Let me interrupt you. He say he was the one who got the
A. They had received a phone call. He didn't say exactly
who got the phone call. And I asked him then at that point, I
guess he was emotional, if he had been drinking that day, he
said no. Then I asked him was my mother at Troy Lynn's house
when he got there, and he said yes, she was there. And that
when he got there they picked her up and took her to Rapid
City the first day, and then the second day went to Rosebud,
and from Rosebud went to a house, he stayed in the car with my
mother, and Theda and John Boy went up to into the house. And
we asked him at that point how our mother was in the car, if
he had talked to her, and he said no, not really. He said no,
not really, they didn't have a conversation. We were trying
to find out what her demeanor was like for our own personal
purposes. He then said that they came out of the house and
going to go out and do. He said there were people discussing
and calling her informants, that Angie, Theda and John Boy had
called her an FBI informant, and that they thought they were
just taking her out to scare her. Then they took her out to a
location, he didn't, he may have said, I can't remember the
Q. Specifically did he say what happened when they got to
A. Yes, he did. He said that when they got there they all
got out of the car and that he was instructed to stay at the
Q. He meaning Arlo?
A. Yes, he said I was told to stay with the car. That
Theda and John Boy went up over the hill, and he heard a gun
shot, and Theda and John Boy came back and my mother didn't,
and they got in the car and drove away.
Q. Did he tell you anything else about this incident?
A. That was it. That, we thanked him for telling us, and
we wished him well in his healing, and that was the end of the
Q. So I understand this, and I am clear, what he told you
was that he wasn't even present when she was shot?
Q. And that Theda Clark and John Boy Patton did that?
Q. When your mother was murdered, how old were you?
A. I would have been eleven approximately. Well, I didn't
find out until just shortly before my eleventh birthday. I
wasn't told right away.
Q. How old was Debbie?
A. She is fifteen months younger than me.
MR. MANDEL: I have no further questions, Your
THE COURT: Cross examination.
CROSS EXAMINATION BY MR. RENSCH:
Q. My condolences, Ma'am. How long was the conversation?
A. It wasn't terribly long. I couldn't put a time on it.
Time stood still for me at that time.
Q. Did Mr. Looking Cloud say that he was sorry?
A. He said, his words to me were he felt bad, and he may
have said sorry, but what I heard was that he felt badly about
he hadn't called us in a long time.
Q. He told you that he didn't know that they were going to
A. That's correct.
Q. When you mentioned that something about a phone call, at
first you said he had gotten a phone call, and then you said
he might have said they had gotten a phone call.
A. I don't remember clearly, no. That there was a phone
call that day was the impression he left on me.
Q. So someone had made a phone call somewhere asking that
your mother be taken someplace?
A. That's correct.
MR. RENSCH: Thank you, Ma'am, nothing further.
THE COURT: Anything further?
MR. MANDEL: No, Your Honor.
THE COURT: Thank you, Ma'am, you may step down.
MR. MANDEL: United States would call Candy
Hamilton, Your Honor.
called as a witness, being first duly sworn, testified and
said as follows:
DIRECT EXAMINATION BY MR. MANDEL:
Q. Could you state your name, please?
A. Candy Hamilton.
Q. Spelling on your last name?
Q. Candy with a C, right?
Q. Where do you reside?
Q. Can you tell us what your current occupation is?
A. Yes, I am a grant writer and coordinator for the Tiwahe
Tipi, and that's a group of Tiospas that are organizing to do
self help projects, and I teach for the Black Hills State
University in the career learning center.
Q. Are you a native South Dakotan?
Q. Where are you from originally?
A. Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Q. When did you first come out to South Dakota?
A. In October of 1973.
Q. Could you tell us how it is that you came to come out to
this area of the country?
A. I had been active in some political movements around, I
lived in Atlanta at the time, I had been involved there, and I
was then a reporter, and a friend of mine who I had done
reporting work with had been out here and during the siege at
Wounded Knee. And when we were both back in Atlanta she asked
me to come out and work with the media and help the committee
and the Wounded Knee Defense-Offense Committee in that way,
and she after many months finally talked me in to it.
Q. Is Wounded Knee Offense-Defense Committee often referred
to as WKLDOC?
JERRY J. MAY. RPR, CM 400 South Phillips Avenue, #305A
Q. What was your intention when you came out here, what
were you going to do for them?
A. My intent originally was to put together a press packet
for the committee, put together a list of media contacts,
train somebody to do the media work, and leave after about six
Q. Is that what happened?
A. No. I got very interested in the whole situation, and
in the people and the issues that were involved, and ended up
staying with the Wounded Knee committee until '75, '74-75, and
then after that I returned to work with the Oglala Legal
Committee after the shoot-out at Jumping Bulls.
Q. How long did you stay involved with WKLDOC?
A. Well, I guess when we formed the Oglala Legal Committee
it was sort of an adjunct of the Wounded Knee Committee. I
was less active with them and more active with the people
right there in Oglala than with the committee, but I was a
part of it through '76.
Q. You live in Oglala on Pine Ridge today?
Q. Are you still actively involved in political causes down
A. Well, with the people who are organizing there through
the Tiospas, I work with them.
Q. Are you familiar with an individual named Anna Mae
Q. Can you tell us how you first came in contact with her?
A. When I first went to Oglala after the shoot-out, she
was, we lived across the road from each other. I was at the
Weasel Bears, and she had a little trailer across the road at
June Little and Wanda Sills house, and we visited back and
Q. This would have been the end of 1973 about?
A. No, that was after the shoot out in seven --
Q. Excuse me, '75?
A. '75, yeah.
Q. In terms of your involvement with WKLDOC at that time --
first of all, where was the WKLDOC office located?
A. On Allen Street here in Rapid.
Q. And is that still an existing structure today?
(Exhibit 34-35 marked For identification.)
BY MR. MANDEL:
Q. I have handed you what are marked Exhibits number 34 and
35. I will ask you if you recognize what is in those
A. Yes, that is the house that the Wounded Knee Legal
living space in '75.
Q. These are current photographs, or more current than
Q. Things look pretty much the same as they did back then?
A. The back looks very much the same. The front appears
Q. Did you have an opportunity to go in to that house
A. Yes, in the fall I went in and looked at it.
Q. Was the interior the same?
A. No, it was very different. There was a room as you
walked in the front door, there used to be a room that was
closed off to the left of the front door. And then kind of an
open room. That had changed, there was no separate room there
any more, and somebody had put in a fireplace that took up a
great deal of space that was free when the committee was
MR. MANDEL: Your Honor, I offer Exhibits 34 and 35
MR. RENSCH: No objection.
THE COURT: Exhibits 34 and 35 are received.
BY MR. MANDEL:
Q. You mentioned that WKLDOC had the office up here in
A. I think at that time there might have still been a
committee house in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and there was the AIM
school and a house where a number of AIM people lived, and
then we had the little house and office first at Weasel Bear's
and then Jumping Bull's where the Oglala Legal Committee
Q. Was the Oglala Legal Committee part of WKLDOC, or how
did that fit together?
A. Some people thought so and some didn't. It was, I
suppose in essence it was.
Q. Did you work down in Oglala or up in Rapid City?
A. When I first came back after the shoot-out I worked in
Rapid City at a house, I think it was on Fairview right off
Mount Rushmore, and did the media work there. Before I moved
Q. Just so we know. Exhibit 34 I am showing now, that would
be the front of the WKLDOC house?
Q. Then Exhibit 35 that is now displayed, that would be the
A. That's the back of the same house.
Q. Going back to 34, looking at it on the screen there, if
I can get it straight, keep myself out of there. Drawing a
circle around a window on the front, do you see that?
Q. And is that where that little room was located that you
are talking about?
Q. Do you remember a time in December of 1975 when you were
present at the WKLDOC house?
Q. Can you tell us how that came about?
A. I came up to Rapid City with Jeanette Eagle Hawk and
Charlie Long Soldier, because for one reason the next day I
was to catch a ride to go to Sioux Falls to testify at Russell
Means' Sioux Falls trial. And also I was to meet a friend who
I had worked with at the Wounded Knee Committee earlier who no
longer was, well, she didn't work in Rapid City, and she was
going to be in town, and so I came up to see her the night
before and catch my ride to Sioux Falls the next day.
Q. You were going to testify the day after that?
A. The day after I arrived, yeah. Well, I testified, we
came up one day, we left the next day, the next day I
Q. Came up on Wednesday, December 10th?
A. Probably, yeah.
Q. And then Thursday you were in Rapid City?
A. Thursday I was in Rapid, Thursday night we left and got
to Sioux Falls late Thursday night, and I testified on the
Q. Was there anything in particular going on on that
Thursday that helped you pin down the date when this happened?
A. It was during the trial for Dick Wilson from the time he
and some of his supporters had beaten up some of the workers
for the Wounded Knee Committee, and they were on trial at that
time, that's why Kathy was in town.
Q. How did you travel from Oglala to Rapid City on
A. In the committee car with Jeanette Eagle Hawk and
Charlie Long Soldier.
Q. When, do you remember when you arrived in Rapid City?
A. We got here that night, and we probably went by the
committee house, but then I went on to an apartment where
Thelma Rios and her mother lived, because that's where Kathy
was waiting for me.
Q. Where was that located?
A. It was an apartment, I think that is Maple Street very
close to where the Mall is now. They used to be called the
alphabet apartments because they had big letters on them.
(Exhibit 38 marked For identification.)
Q. I placed Exhibit 38 down there next to you which is an
overhead photograph of Rapid City. I will ask you to look at
A. It will take a minute to get my bearings. I think it
must be these down in the corner.
Q. The upper right-hand corner?
MR. MANDEL: I offer Exhibit 38 at this time.
MR. RENSCH: No objection.
THE COURT: Exhibit 38 is received.
BY MR. MANDEL:
Q. When you arrived at -- was this Thelma's apartment, or
her mother's apartment?
A. I think it was her mother's apartment, and Thelma was in
the process of moving in to live with her mother.
Q. Thelma also have an apartment of her own?
A. She had had a house over on Milwaukee, and she may have
later had her own apartment, but I don't think she had her own
apartment then. I don't know, I just saw her at her mother's.
Q. What time in the evening was it when you arrived at the
A. Oh, I would say maybe early evening, maybe some time
between 6:30 and 8:00.
Q. When you arrived who was present?
A. You know, I remember being there and I remember sitting
at the table visiting with Thelma and Kathy, but I don't have
when I arrived.
Q. Did anybody else arrive at the apartment after you got
there that evening?
A. Yes, much later in the evening when Thelma and Kathy and
I were sitting there visiting Dave Hill came in.
Q. Who is Dave Hill?
A. He had formerly been, he and Thelma had formerly been
together as a couple, and he had, he was an active member of
Q. What happened when Dave Hill arrived, if you recall?
A. He just walked in, and we all said hello, and shortly
after that he sat down, and shortly after that Kathy and I
Q. Did you go to bed then?
Q. What happened then the next morning?
A. The next morning before we had gotten up, very early, I
heard somebody come in downstairs, and I heard Bruce Ellison's
voice saying --
MR. RENSCH: Objection, hearsay.
THE COURT: Sustained.
BY MR. MANDEL:
Q. Well, you see Bruce Ellison that morning?
A. Later that morning I did.
A. No, but I recognized his voice.
Q. You heard him speak?
Q. After he spoke, can you tell me what took place?
A. Well, I didn't leave my room, but shortly after that I
heard people leave downstairs.
Q. You know who left?
A. Well, Thelma wasn't there when I got up, so I assume she
left with Bruce.
Q. About what time in the morning did you get up?
A. Probably about 8:00 or 8:30.
Q. Did you head over to the WKLDOC house at some point?
A. Yes, Charlie and Jeanette picked me up and took me over
Q. When you arrived there -- first of all, about what time
of day was that?
A. It was probably late morning, maybe ten, ten or eleven
Q. What was your purpose in going over there?
A. I was to wait there for my ride to Sioux Falls, and I
had understood that it would be late in the morning or early
in the afternoon when we would leave.
Q. When you arrived at the WKLDOC house who was present
there that you saw initially?
legal worker there that we all called Red, I think maybe his
first name was Norman, I don't remember his last name, and
Wesley Hollander were the people that I saw first.
Q. Over the course of the day did you see some other
A. Yes, I did. I saw Anna Mae, I also saw in the course of
the day Laurelie Means, Ted Means, Clyde Bellecourt, Madonna
Gilbert, Thelma. I think that was all.
Q. What did you observe taking place on that day?
A. Well, all of them were in that front room that we
identified earlier, and I would hear voices occasionally, but
no distinct words, but they were all in there most of the day.
I didn't go in there, but I saw all of them in that area when
we were leaving later that night.
Q. So who all, which of these people were actually in that
front room during the course of the day?
A. I don't know, because I never went in there.
Q. Well, did you ever see people come out of there?
A. When I came downstairs and we were getting ready to
leave they all came out of that area.
Q. All meaning?
A. All the people I named.
Q. Did you at some point in the day see Anna Mae Aquash?
A. I did. I was upstairs probably most of the day, and